Stress is caused by many situations or circumstances such as experiencing something new or unexpected and certain threats to your sense of security [1-3]. Stress triggers your body’s  fight-or-flight mechanism, so that you can respond quickly to dangerous situations, by releasing a cascade of hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, increasing your heart rate, changing your digestion, metabolism and immune systems [4-6].

Stress may be stimulated by bereavement, divorce or break-ups, work or financial pressures – your ability to cope with Stress depends on the individual and can be affected by early life events or personal circumstances[7-8].

Acute Stress is usually a temporary condition and often occurs due to an unexpected crisis or challenge like an argument or pressing deadline. This type of stress will often resolve once the acute stress has cleared. Acute stress may cause symptoms that last up to 30 days, but if left it can become chronic stress which is harmful to your health.

Chronic stress develops over a long period of ongoing stress such as poverty, dysfunctional family, constant daily conflict, negative and toxic relationships. These day on day stresses lead to chronic stress. Often, severe life experiences add to chronic stress, but both types of stress can lead to depression and anxiety.

Constant stress can upset all your body’s processes,  leading to higher risk of diabetes, high blood pressure & cardiovascular problems, sleep disruption, respiratory dysfunction, weak immunity and reproductive issues.  People with chronic stress are at risk of having a final breakdown that can lead to suicide, violent actions, a stroke or a heart attack[9-10].

Symptoms of stress can be

  • Physical aches and pains as well as muscle tension, especially in the neck and shoulders
  • Grinding your teeth, migraine or recurrent headaches
  • Changes in mood
  • Clammy or sweaty palms
  • Low energy

Stress Questionnaire - do you ever suffer from any of the following?


Then find which category you fall into:

If you scored 35 – 50

You seem to have things under control – Well Done! We all register some signs of stress at some point, so do just keep an eye on it. You might like to seek some form of relaxation, massage, reflexology or exercise to release any stress that might boil up inside you from time to time, from the pressure of occasional deadlines or bad week.


If you scored 51 – 79

Stress does have an effect on you. It is better you seek some help to alleviate it now, before that stress hormone cortisone kicks your blood pressure and heart rate up. Do something soon that appeals to you, such as exercise, massage, swimming. Make time for yourself with a relaxing massage or detoxification MLD treatment; make some time to let yourself go.


If you scored 80 – 105

You need to do something about your stress levels now. Chronic stress can have severe physical and emotional effects on the body, including increase of blood sugar levels, weight gain, digestive problems and suppressed immune system. ACT NOW – De-stress and Relax with a massage, reflexology, acupuncture, talking to someone and regular exercise today!

Additionally, we can help you get a good night’s sleep, meditate and practice deep breathing, to benefit your entire mind and body and reduce your stress levels.

Contact us today 01206 761806

Back to helpful info


1             Hammen, C., Kim, E.Y., Eberhart, N.K. and Brennan, P.A., 2009. Chronic and acute stress and the prediction of major depression in women. Depression and anxiety26(8), pp.718-723.


2             Renna, M.E., O’Toole, M.S., Spaeth, P.E., Lekander, M. and Mennin, D.S., 2018. The association between anxiety, traumatic stress, and obsessive–compulsive disorders and chronic inflammation: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Depression and anxiety35(11), pp.1081-1094.


3             Charman RA (2000) Complementary Therapies for Physical Therapists (Eds).  Butterworth Heinemann: Somerset


4             Chu, B., Marwaha, K., Sanvictores, T. and Ayers, D., 2021. Physiology, stress reaction. StatPearls [Internet].


5             d’Ettorre, G., Ceccarelli, G., Santinelli, L., Vassalini, P., Innocenti, G.P., Alessandri, F., Koukopoulos, A.E., Russo, A., d’Ettorre, G. and Tarsitani, L., 2021. Post-traumatic stress symptoms in healthcare workers dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(2), p.601.


6            Solomon, Z., Levin, Y., Crompton, L. and Ginzburg, K., 2019. Is acute stress reaction a risk factor for early mortality?. Health Psychology38(7), p.606.


7             Ernst E, Pittler MH and Wider B (2006) The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine: An evidence-based approach. China: Elsevier


8             Lorenc, A., Feder, G., MacPherson, H., Little, P., Mercer, S.W. and Sharp, D., 2018. Scoping review of systematic reviews of complementary medicine for musculoskeletal and mental health conditions. BMJ open8(10), p.e020222.


9            Harbertson, J., Ziajko, L. and Watrous, J., 2021. Examining the development of PTSD symptoms in individuals who witness acute stress reaction on the battlefield. BJPsych Open7(3).

10          Siu, O.L., 2017. Stress management techniques in the workplace. In The Routledge Companion to Wellbeing at Work (pp. 284-297). Routledge.